Edificación modular, auto construible en zonas suceptibles de anegación
Duque, María del Pilar | 2019
In Colombia there are periodically flooded areas in which there are populations that suffer their consequences in a repetitive manner, both at the level of infrastructure as well as social, economic and environmental; Generally, these populations are low-income, which makes the impacts greater due to lack of infrastructure to mitigate this type of natural disaster.
In this work, a modular building was designed, self-building, with a cost per square meter of 581,975 COP focused on populations at risk of periodic flooding, whose budget was made using BIM (building information modeling) and UPA (Unit Price Analysis). A structural design was carried out following the current design and construction regulations (NSR-10) and a space design following Manual de Asistencia Técnica para Viviendas de Interés Social, in order to be versatile in terms of the number of inhabitants, needs and applications.
This alternative was the result of a cost-benefit analysis of alternatives to find a viable low-cost solution in the Colombian territory, which meets the resistance earthquake standards of the NSR-10.
The methodology followed consists of 3 main phases; design of alternatives, where 2 types of roof, 3 structural systems, 3 floor alternatives and 3 foundations are proposed; analysis of alternatives through the cost-benefit analysis of pre-designed alternatives; and selected alternative design, in which a deeper and more detailed design of the chosen alternative is carried out.