Regulación de las AFP en Colombia, su impacto sobre la eficiencia de los portafolios de inversiones y el desarrollo económico del país.
Arroyave Baena, Jaime Alberto | 2009
While the reform of the pension system has had a positive impact on the local financial markets and those of the country, regulatory restrictions have led the mandatory pension savings portfolios be affected with their profitability as a consequence of the regulation in terms of Minimum Return and Investments Regimen. The effect of the regulation is a shift from the efficient borderline that makes the portfolio not maximize its risk-profitability relation. By this, the regulation does not optimally protect the savers of mandatory pensions. Issues such as; the minimum profitability requirement have led to the lack of diversification in the portfolios of funds, thus, making them inefficient and vulnerable to the economic cycles because portfolios invested in highly concentrated and strongly correlated assets have a higher exposure to risk. The actual pension funds are assuming excessive high risks that at no moment imply an additional profit to the affiliate; as a result, they are not satisfying their interests.